This article was written several years ago, as a discussion paper... I believe that some of what it contains may still serve as a starting point for further discussion and clarification.
Analysis of the political evolution of Iran's Shi'ite clergy from the late 19th century to their seizure of state power in the February 1979 revolution, looking specifically at how they were able to sustain themselves in politics for so long and why, in the latter half of the 1970s, they experienced a militant revival.
Iran: Islam and the struggle for socialism ‒ Mohammad Ja’far [Kanan Makiya] and Azar Tabari [Afsaneh Najmabadi]
None of the expectations, predictions and prognoses of left circles, whether inside or outside Iran, have been confirmed by the passage of time. The speed with which a highly repressive and deeply reactionary regime has emerged, in the wake of colossal mass mobilisations involving millions, has left many in political shock and disillusionment.